I am Associate Professor of Sociology, and faculty affiliate of the Columbia Population Research Center (CPRC), Weatherhead East Asian Institute (WEAI), Institute for Social and Economic Research and Policy (ISERP), Institute of Latin American Studies (ILAS), and Data Science Institute (DSI) at Columbia University.
My research focuses on social stratification and inequality, with a primary emphasis on (1) how migration intersects with sociopolitical processes to shape inequalities in receiving and origin societies, and (2) how social and demographic processes influence political development. Within these general areas, I have engaged a range of research fields in labor market inequality, collective action, health, families and child development, and gender. I have pursued this research agenda from a comparative perspective, using data from multiple settings and directly comparing different contexts.
My research has been funded by grants from the National Science Foundation, the National Institutes of Health (including a K01 Career Development Award), the Russell Sage Foundation, and Chiang Ching-kuo Foundation. I have also collaborated with a team of international scholars to conduct a national survey on migration and families and children in China.
In press Lu, Yao. “Empowerment or Disintegration? Migration, Social Institutions, and Collective
Action in Rural China.” American Journal of Sociology.
– Faculty Article Award, Honorable Mention, Section on Sociology of Development, American
In press Lu, Yao, and Feng Hou. “Immigration System, Labor Market Structures, and Overeducation of
High-Skilled Immigrants in the United States and Canada.” International Migration Review.
2020 Lu, Yao, Qian He*, and Jeanne Brooks-Gunn. “Diverse Experience of Immigrant Children:
How Do Separation and Reunification Shape Their Development?” Child Development 91(1):146-163.
2019 Lu, Yao, Jean Wei-Jun Yeung, Jingming Liu, and Donald J. Treiman. "Health of Left-behind
Children in China: Evidence from Mediation Analysis." Chinese Journal of Sociology 5(4):431-452.
2019 Lu, Yao, Jean Wei-Jun Yeung, Jingming Liu, and Donald J. Treiman. “Migration and
Children's Psychosocial Development in China: When and Why Migration Matters.” Social Science
2018 Qin, Lijian, Wei Wang*, and Yao Lu. “The Working and Living Conditions of College-
educated Rural Migrants in China.” Asian Population Studies 14(2):172-193.
2017 Lu, Yao, and Ran Tao. “Organizational Structure and Collective Action: Lineage Networks,
Semi-autonomous Civic Associations, and Collective Resistance in Rural China.” American Journal of
Sociology 122(6): 1726-74.
– Distinguished Contribution to Scholarship Article Award, Section on Collective Behavior and
Social Movements, American Sociological Association
2017 Lu, Yao, Julia Wang*, and Wen-Jui Han. “Women’s Short-Term Employment Trajectories
Following Birth: Patterns, Determinants, and Variations by Race/Ethnicity and Nativity.” Demography
– Finalist, Rosabeth Moss Kanter Award for Excellence in Work-Family Research
2017 Lu, Yao, Wenjuan Zheng*, and Wei Wang*. “Migration and Popular Resistance in Rural
China: Wukan and Beyond.” The China Quarterly 229:1-22.
2017 Lu, Yao, Nicole Denier*, Julia Shu-Huah Wang*, and Neeraj Kaushal. “Unhealthy
Assimilation or Persistent Health Advantage? A Longitudinal Analysis of Immigrant Health in the United
States.” Social Science & Medicine 195:105-114.
2017 Lu, Yao, Neeraj Kaushal, Nicole Denier*, and Julia Shu-Huah Wang*. “Health of Newly
Arrived Immigrants in Canada and the United States: Differential Selection on Health.” Health & Place
2016 Kaushal, Neeraj, Yao Lu, Nicole Denier*, Julia Shu-Huah Wang*, and Stephen Trejo.
“Immigrant Employment and Earnings Growth in Canada and the U.S.: Evidence from Longitudinal
Data.” Journal of Population Economics 29:1249-1277.
2015 Lu, Yao, and Ran Tao. "Female Migration, Cultural Context, and Son Preference in Rural
China." Population Research and Policy Review 34(5):665-686.
2015 Lu, Yao. “Internal Migration, International Migration, and Physical Growth of Left-Behind
Children: A Study of Two Settings.” Health & Place 36:118-126.
2015 Kaushal, Neeraj, and Yao Lu. “Recent Immigration to Canada and the United States: A Mixed
Tale of Relative Selection.” International Migration Review 49(2):279-522. [Equal authorship]
2014 Lu, Yao. “Parental Migration and Education of Left-behind Children: A Comparison of Two
Settings.” Journal of Marriage and Family 76:1082-1098.
2014 Lu, Yao, and Lijian Qin. “Healthy Migrant and Salmon Bias Hypotheses: A Study of Health
and Internal Migration in China.” Social Science and Medicine 102:41-48.
2013 Lu, Yao, Zai Liang, and Miao Chunyu. “Emigration from China in Comparative Perspective.”
Social Forces 92(2):631-658.
2013 Lu, Yao, Danching Ruan, and Gina Lai. “Social Capital and Economic Integration of
Migrants in Urban China.” Social Networks 35(3):357-369.
2013 Lu, Yao, and Feng Wang. “From General Discrimination to Segmented Inequality: Migration
and Inequality in Urban China.” Social Science Research 42(6):1443-1456.
2013 Lu, Yao, and Hao Zhou. “Academic Achievement and Loneliness of Migrant Children in
China: School Segregation and Segmented Assimilation.” Comparative Education Review 57(1):85-166.
2013 Lu, Yao. “Household Migration, Remittances, and Their Impact on Health in Indonesia.”
International Migration 51: 202-215.
2012 Treiman, Donald J., Yao Lu, and Yaqiang Qi. “New Approaches to Demographic Data
Collection.” Chinese Sociological Review 44(3):56-92.
2012 Lu, Yao. “Education of Children Left Behind in Rural China.” Journal of Marriage and
2012 Lu, Yao, Peifeng Hu, and Donald J. Treiman. “Migration and Depressive Symptoms in
Migrant-Sending Areas: Findings from The Survey of Internal Migration and Health in China.”
International Journal of Public Health 57(4):691-698.
2012 Lu, Yao. “Household Migration, Social Support, and Psychosocial Health: The Perspective
from Migrant-Sending Areas.” Social Science and Medicine 74:135-142.
2011 Lu, Yao and Donald J. Treiman. “Migration, Remittances, and Educational Stratification
among Blacks in Apartheid and Post-Apartheid South Africa.” Social Forces 89(4):1119-1144.
2010 Lu, Yao. “Mental Health and Risk Behaviors of Rural-Urban Migrants: Longitudinal
Evidence from Indonesia.” Population Studies 64(2):147-163.
2010 Lu, Yao. “Rural-urban Migration and Health: Evidence from Longitudinal Data in Indonesia.”
Social Science and Medicine 70(3): 412-419.
2009 McCarthy, William, Ritesh Mistry, Yao Lu, Minal Patel, and Hong Zheng, and Barbara
Dietsch. “Could Density of Geocoded Tobacco Retailers near Schools Influence Risk of Students
Smoking?” American Journal of Public Health 99(11):2006-2013.
2009 Lu, Yao. “Sibship Size, Family Organization, and Education in South Africa: Black-White
Variations.” Research in Social Stratification and Mobility 27(2):110-125.
2009 Mistry, Ritesh, William McCarthy, Antronette Yancey, Yao Lu, and Minal Patel. “Resilience
and Patterns of Health Risk Behaviors in California Adolescents.” Preventive Medicine 48(3):291-297.
2008 Lu, Yao and Donald J. Treiman. “The Effect of Sibship Size on Educational Attainment in
China: Period Variations.” American Sociological Review 73(5):813-834.
2008 Li, Li, Zunyou Wu, Sheng Wu, Manhong Jia, Eli Lieber, and Yao Lu. “Impacts of HIV/AIDS
Stigma on Family Identity and Interactions in China.” Families, Systems and Health 26(4):431-442.
2008 Lu, Yao. “Test of the ‘Healthy Migrant Hypothesis’: A Longitudinal Analysis of Health
Selectivity of Internal Migration in Indonesia.” Social Science and Medicine 67(8):1331-1339.
2007 Lu, Yao. “Educational Status of Temporary Migrant Children in China: Determinants and
Regional Variations.” Asian and Pacific Migration Journal 16(1):29-55.
2006 Grusky, Oscar, Hongjie Liu, Xiaojing Li, Aimee-Noelle Swanson, Naihua Duan, Yibin Zhu,
Erjian Ma, and Yao Lu. “Is Voluntary Counseling and Testing of Drug Users in China Feasible?”
International Journal of STD and AIDS 17(5):354-355.
2006 Treiman, Donald J., William M. Mason, Yao Lu, Yi Pan, Yaqiang Qi, and Shige
Song. “Observations on the Design and Implementation of Sample Surveys in China.” Social
Transformations in Chinese Societies 1(1):81-101.
INVITED BOOK CHAPTERS
2018 Lu, Yao. “Parental Migration and the Well-being of Children Left Behind from A
Comparative Perspective.” Chapter 5 in Parenting from Afar: The Reconfiguration of the Family Across
Distance, edited by Maria Guzman, Jill Brown, and Carolyn Edwards. Oxford University Press.
2016 Lu, Yao and Alice Tianbo Zhang*. “The Link between Migration and Health.” Chapter 2 in
Handbook of Migration and Health. Eldward Elgar.
2012 Treiman, Donald J., Yao Lu, and Yaqiang Qi. “New Approaches to Demographic Data
Collection”. Pp. 398-454 (Chapter 13) in Demography, edited by Zai Liang. Beijing: People’s University
Press. [in Chinese]
2009 Shen, Anan, Wang Feng, and Yao Lu. “Earnings and Expenditures among Migrants and
Urbanites in Shanghai.” Pp.60-90 in Migration and the Remaking of Shanghai, edited by Danching Ruan.
Beijing: Xuelin Publication House. [in Chinese]